In general, classroom practices that help students feel that they are an integral part of the class, that their ideas matter, and that their perspectives are welcomed, create a sense of academic belonging.
Discussion guidelines set expectations for participant behavior during small group or whole-class interaction. They also ensure that the class environment is welcoming, inclusive, and respectful.
Our implicit biases are essentially bad habits that stem from cultural learnings—they are a byproduct of our socialization and not a moral failing. If we are not aware of our biases, those habits can become activated and applied by default even when they may be undesirable and counteract our intentions.
Mindsets are the implicit theories that individuals hold about the malleability of human characteristics. Research indicates that students’ beliefs about the nature of intelligence and ability significantly shape their response to academic challenges
Guidelines for discussing an election or current political landscape while recognizing the challenge of exposing your political opinions or excluding students with contrasting political leanings.